ERIC Number: ED260471
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Discriminating Males and Females on Belief Structures about Arguing.
Rancer, Andrew S.; Baukus, Robert A.
A study was conducted to enhance understanding of the role of sex in influencing beliefs about argumentative communication. Using a belief structure framework, the study investigated how males and females discriminate on beliefs about arguing. The study also explored whether trait argumentativeness influences biological sex in discriminating beliefs about arguing. One hundred thirty-eight subjects answered a questionnaire that elicited beliefs about arguing and a second questionnaire that indicated their level of trait argumentativeness. Beliefs obtained from the questionnaire were classified into eight categories previously identified as belief structures about arguing. Results indicated that sex alone is not a powerful discriminator of beliefs about arguing. Males and females differ little in their beliefs about arguing as a learning experience (cultivation), but do differ in their beliefs about arguing as an aggressive and hostile communication encounter (antagonism). In general, males tend to view arguing as a less hostile form of communication than do females. However, males and females high in trait argumentativeness do not differ in this belief about arguing. (Author/DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Communication, Language and Gender Conference (7th, Oxford, OH, October 14-16, 1984).