ERIC Number: ED260467
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Language Utilized in Rationalizing Conflict Decisions: Is There A Different Voice?
Turner, Lynn H.; Henzl, Sally A.
A study was conducted to examine the differences in language usage between males and females in the specific moral domain of conflict resolution and rationales for decisions. The subjects, 39 female and 21 male college students, were given an imaginary conflict scenario to resolve, asked how the conflict should be resolved, what the rationales were for their choices, and, assuming the roles of the two characters in the scenario, asked what were the central concerns of the two characters involved. It was hypothesized that two different languages would emerge in the rationales for the solutions to the problems in the scenario: women's choices would be defended in language referring to the relationships described in the scenario, while men's choices would be explained with a language indicative of a justice approach based on rights and rules. The data, coded and analyzed by chi square, revealed that there was no significant difference in response to the decision one character should have made or in the use of justice or interpersonal themes. However, a significant difference was found when subjects were asked to put themselves in the positions of both characters in the scenario and state the concerns of each character. Rather than attributing these differences to biological sex, the study indicates that they may be related to positions of power or status. (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A