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ERIC Number: ED260459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Ratings Vs. Equity in the Evaluation of Writing.
McDaniel, Barbara A.
A study was conducted to determine whether evaluators of large scale essay tests respond the same way toward essays written by English as a second language (ESL) and non-ESL students. The data examined came from the English Placement Test (EPT) administered in the province of British Columbia, Canada, in March 1979. The test was used to identify three types of students: those who needed no remediation, those who had difficulty with English because it was not their native language, and those who were native speakers of English but who had severe language or writing problems. The placement test had two parts: an objective part containing 40 error recognition sentences, and a subjective portion that required the writing of an essay. Evaluators of the essays were to score them analytically in three separate categories: (1) content development and organization, (2) sentences, and (3) words. Two thousand papers out of the total 18,000 were randomly selected for the sample. Native English speakers were labeled "E-1 writers" and ESL students (among whom Chinese was the dominant first language) were labeled "E-2 writers." Results suggested that evaluators of large scale essay tests do not appear to respond in the same way toward essays written by ESL and non-ESL students and that researchers will have to define more specifically how to judge what is "good" and "bad" and how much weight to give these things. (Tables of findings are included and the English Placement Test Notes to Markers is appended). (DF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A