ERIC Number: ED260356
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
A Primary Prevention Program to Reduce Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa.
Cullari, Salvatore; Redmon, William K.
This paper presents a theoretical model for a primary prevention program for bulimia and anorexia nervosa to be used with adolescents and young women considered most at risk of developing these eating disorders. Characteristics of potential anorexics and bulimics are identified to aid in the selection of target groups for the program. It is recommended that subjects be paired by common characteristics and divided into experimental and control groups. It is noted that successful interventions in preventing anorexia and bulimia have not been identified yet. However, seven procedures are suggested as a starting point to be used with the experimental group: (1) taking subjects off reduction diets and teaching alternative ways of reducing or maintaining normal weights; (2) initiating some type of family therapy; (3) stressing relaxation training and/or stress management; (4) using a cognitive-behavioral approach to change irrational belief systems and inappropriate behaviors; (5) incorporating techniques found to be effective in treating anorexia and bulimia into prevention programs; (6) beginning treatment for anxiety or depression; and (7) continuing long-term follow-up until subjects reach an age when the risk of developing these disorders is reduced. Possible benefits from this type of intervention are discussed and possible problems in developing such a program are identified. It is concluded that, in spite of these problems, the implementation of primary prevention programs may reduce the incidence of these eating disorders and may prove more cost effective than traditional treatment procedures. (NRB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A