ERIC Number: ED260350
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Role Self-Concepts, Marital Adjustment, and Self-Actualization in Long-Term Marriages.
Schaupp, Diane S.; And Others
Shostrom (1971) has identified a type of marriage in which self-actualizing couples do not simply accept their socially defined roles, but instead develop personality traits and values that are consistent with their own psychological health and that of the couple relationship. Antill (1983) found evidence for the importance of high scores in femininity in relation to self-reported marital adjustment for both men and women. To further examine key qualities in satisfying, long-term marriages, sex-role self-concepts, marital adjustment, and self-actualization were assessed in 107 couples with long-term marriages. Subjects completed the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), and a short marital adjustment scale devised by Locke and Wallace. The results indicated the marital adjustment was positively related to BSRI femininity scores for both males and females. The BSRI femininity score was positively related to aspects of personal development for both sexes as measured by the POI. Significant correlations between femininity scores and personal development were more numerous for males than for females. These findings suggest that feminine or expressive traits such as concern for the welfare of others are a factor in marital adjustment for both males and females. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Boston, MA, March 21-24, 1985).