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ERIC Number: ED260345
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relationship between Depression, Irrational Beliefs, and Cognitive Distortions.
Chan, Florentius
Studies have shown that depressed people have a significantly higher number of irrational beliefs and cognitive distortions than nondepressed people. The purpose of this study was to identify the causal relationship among depression, irrational beliefs, and cognitive distortions through the use of cross-lagged panel correlational analysis. On two occasions one month apart, 138 college students were administered a battery of tests that included the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Irrational Belief Test (IBT), and the Subjective Probability Questionnaire (SPQ). The order of these three tests was counterbalanced among subjects using the Latin square design to eliminate the order effect. Results showed that the synchronous correlations between scores on the BDI and scores on the IBT and SPQ were significant, suggesting that depression, irrational beliefs, and cognitive distortions are significantly related. Similarly, the autocorrelations between the same measures in two testing sessions were significant, indicating that the measures are stable and reliable. The cross-lagged panel analysis show that depression, irrational beliefs, and cognitive distortions covaried but were not causally related. The explanation that the relationship among these three variables is spurious seems implausible because previous research has demonstrated that they are related. It appears that there is a reciprocal causal relationship among depression, irrational beliefs, and cognitive distortions, in which no cross-lagged correlation difference would be expected. This explanation is in accord with the cognitive model of depression which suggests that these three variables form a vicious circle. (Author/MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A