ERIC Number: ED260336
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Generation and Elaboration in Older Adults.
DeSimone, Judith; Hashtroudi, Shahin
Some research suggests that age differences in memory may result from older adults' difficulty in activating preexisting semantic structures. A study was conducted to examine whether older adults could use experimenter-provided elaborators which facilitate memory, or could generate their own elaborators, and to rate the quality of elaborators generated by older adults. Two groups of adults (16 aged 21-35, 16 aged 60-75) were tested in four elaboration conditions: base sentence with no elaborator; base sentence with precise elaborator; base sentence with imprecise elaborator; and base sentence with instructions to produce elaborators. Subjects in all conditions heard 12 sentences and after 1 minute completed a cued recall test. Analysis of results showed that precise elaborators enhanced recall in both age groups, although older adults compared to younger adults seemed to have some difficulty using precise, experimenter-provided elaborators. Self-generated elaborators signifcantly reduced the age differences in memory and for older adults were more effective than precise elaborators. There were no significant differences for age in the type of elaborators generated. Overall, the findings do not support the hypothesis that older adults fail to access semantic structures. (MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (56th, Boston, MA, March 21-24, 1985).