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ERIC Number: ED260310
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Influence Strategies in Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Friendships.
Madden, Margaret E.; And Others
Some writers have suggested that males and females differ not only in influencibility, but also in the strategies which they use to influence others. Although general sex differences in friendships may affect influence strategies, there is little research comparing males' and females' friendships. To explore differences between same- and opposite-sex friendships, 60 male and 60 female undergraduates were asked to think of a close friend of either the same or the opposite sex, and then complete a questionnaire regarding this friendship. The questionnaire consisted of background questions, a rank-ordering of activities they did with their friend, a version of Rubin's Liking and Loving Scale, and questions about the intimacy of the friendship. Subjects also responded to questions concerning strategies they use to influence their friend. The results indicated that males and females perceived friendship differently. Women reported feeling more intimate with female friends than men reported feeling with male friends. Women viewed same-sex friendships as closer than opposite-sex friendships, but men did not. The influence strategies and power bases reported in these friendships differed from those found in research on marriage and dating in that sex stereotypic patterns of influence were not evident. All of the commonly reported influence strategies were direct rather than indirect. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A