ERIC Number: ED260203
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Vocational Problems and Interventions in Business and Industry: A Taxonomic Review of Recent Studies.
Donnelly, James P., Jr.; And Others
This paper reviews and classifies adult career problems and interventions reported in the vocational literature from 1979 to 1984. Campbell and Cellini's (1981) taxonomy of adult career problems was used to classify reports of vocational problems. The categories presented by Holland, Magoon, and Spokane (1981) were employed to classify interventions. A "problem-treatment matrix" was produced that indicated a significant relationship betwwen vocational problems and interventions, with an almost exclusive reliance on individual counseling, and a predominant concern about problems affecting job performance. Thus, adequate preparation of counselors working in this area must include skill development related to identification and treatment of performance problems, especially alcohol abuse, in addition to the traditional emphasis on vocational choice. The benefits of individual counseling were not proven in the research reviewed. Future research in this area needs to become more evaluative, particularly as meta-analytic methods of analyzing aggregate data continue to develop. Finally, Campbell and Cellini's taxonomy proved to be fairly comprehensive and inclusive, although stress-related and career transition problems were often difficult to classify. Further work with the problem taxonomy seems warranted. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (69th, Chicago, IL, March 30-April 4, 1985).