ERIC Number: ED260020
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Jul-15
Reference Count: 0
Transmitting Values to the Young: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.
Schwartz, Henrietta; Wynne, Edward A.
This section, from a larger report describing a project designed to systematically investigate how religious and traditional values are represented in today's public school curricula, addresses the question of why values should be taught, and if so, what rationale for teaching values is most defensible. Education systems have conducted enculturation through thousands of years of history and pre-history. On the basis of anthropology it is argued that values are an inescapable part of any culture or subculture, including schools. To fulfill the socialization functions, schools must transmit the cultural heritage, the technology and the skills and tools necessary for survival, the norms of the mainstream culture, the awareness of other cultures, and the cognitive and affective expertise needed to analyze, synthesize, and appreciate other value systems and cultures. Eight universals common to all cultures (a value system stressing preservation of society, a sense of community, social organization, body of knowledge and skills, economic system, form of governance, aesthetic system, and a socialization process) are discussed and ways that schools can actively enlist the support and engagement of parents to help meet the challenge of managing values transmission in schools are examined. (LH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Section 2, Part 1 of Equity in Values Education: Do the Values Education Aspects of Public School Curricula Deal Fairly with Diverse Belief Systems? Final Report, July 1985 (SO 016 857).