ERIC Number: ED260017
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jul-15
Reference Count: N/A
Equity in Values Education: Do the Values Education Aspects of Public School Curricula Deal Fairly with Diverse Belief Systems? Final Report.
Vitz, Paul C.; And Others
Intended to examine equity in values education in public school curricula, this comprehensive report is organized into two major sections. Section 1 is empirically oriented and presents evidence describing how religion and traditional values are represented in the nation's public school textbooks. Part 1 of section 1 (by Donald Oppewal) is a review of the already published literature on this topic. Part 2 of section 1 reports on how religion and traditional values are currently portrayed in a large and representative sample of the nation's textbooks. Four appendices, making up approximately half of the report, provide tables showing the 60 social studies books in the sample listed by publisher, grade, and title, followed by general summaries of major sections and emphases for each text. The books analyzed are: social studies, grades 1-6; American history, grades 11 or 12; and basal readers, grades 3 and 6. Section 2 addresses the question of why values should be taught, and if so, what rationale for teaching values is most defensible. Part 1 of section 2 (by Henrietta Schwartz) argues on the basis of anthropology that values are an inescapable part of any culture or subculture, such as schools. Part 2 of section 2 (by Edward A. Wynne) describes and extensively critiques the two most common rationales in the public schools for teaching values today--values clarification and Kohlberg's model of moral development. This part also presents a newly revived alternative approach to teaching values--an approach explicitly aimed at the development of character. (Author/LH)
Descriptors: Bias, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education, Educational Anthropology, Educational Research, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Family Attitudes, Family (Sociological Unit), Literature Reviews, Models, Moral Development, Moral Values, Public Schools, Religion, Science Instruction, Social Problems, Social Studies, Textbook Bias, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation, Textbook Research, Traditionalism, Values, Values Clarification, Values Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Dept. of Psychology.