ERIC Number: ED259893
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Logical Thinking in Children.
Mason, Emanuel J.
Reasoning and logical thinking can be defined and explained from different perspectives. Three approaches are reviewed in this report; they are: (1) the logical structure approach; (2) the Piagetian approach of developmental stages; and (3) the information processing or memory approach. Four hypotheses related to these approaches were investigated with children of ages ranging from 5 to 16 years. The subjects were interviewed about their interpretation of propositions and logical arguments. Interviews were designed to explore understanding of the premises and conclusions of syllogisms and the child's understanding of syllogisms in total. The report explains the design of the studies, scoring techniques, and the standardization of the materials that were used. Conclusions are presented for each of the hypotheses; the general pattern of correct responses with the Dutch students who participated in the study was found to be similar to previous results of English-speaking groups. Recommendations for continued and expanded studies are given. An extensive reference list and appendix containing interviews in Dutch and coding forms and scoring instructions in English are also included. (ML)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands