ERIC Number: ED259682
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: N/A
A Preliminary View of the Quality of Decision-Making in the Benchmark Year of 1984. AIR 1985 Annual Forum Paper.
Spiro, Louis M.; Campbell, Jill F.
Perceptions of college institutional research directors concerning the quality of executive decision making at their institutions were studied. Perceptions were assessed using a theoretical model of Groupthink developed by Janis, who postulates that a high amount of environmental stress should lead to a greater degree of "sticking-together" by the executive committee. In addition to examining the usefulness of this model for higher education, the analysis promotes understanding of the political nature of information and the role of the professional in a variety of organizational contexts. Sixty percent of the sample were from public institutions, while 40 percent were from private schools. Respondents' perceptions describe existing decision-making quality levels, characteristics of institutions, and the existence of preventive techniques that can encourage improved outcomes. Ratings of enrollment, staffing, and resource changes from 1979 to 1984 were developed to examine the level of environmental stress at each institution. Group indexes were developed for five areas: environmental stress, executive cohesion level, symptoms of Groupthink, defects in decision making, and Groupthink prevention techniques. Results validate the theoretical model of Groupthink in an educational context. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A