ERIC Number: ED259629
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Economies of Scale in Higher Education: Fifty Years of Research. ASHE 1985 Annual Meeting Paper.
Brinkman, Paul T.; Leslie, Larry L.
Results of empirical studies of the size-cost relationship in higher education are synthesized, with emphasis on comprehensives, standardization, and mathematical integration. Results of research on economies of scale at two- and four-year colleges and research are summarized as follows: (1) two- and four-year colleges, on average, do experience positive returns to size; (2) substantive size-related economies are most likely to occur at the low end of the enrollment range; (3) the enrollment range over which such economies are likely to be found differs by type of institution; (4) the extent of such economies differs by function, with the administrative area typically experiencing the greatest reduction in unit cost and instruction the least; (5) for educational and general expenditures, the broadest category, a three- to four-fold difference in enrollment among small institutions is accompanied by a difference in cost per student, at the mean, of 25 percent for two-year institutions and 23 percent for four-year institutions; and (6) the extent to which scale-related economies or diseconomies are demonstrated by a given set of institutions depends on variations among them in the scope and variety of the programs and services they offer, the salaries they pay, and the general disposition of their resources. A six-page list of references concludes the document. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A