ERIC Number: ED259565
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Discourse Markers on the Comprehension of Lectures.
Chaudron, Craig; Richards, Jack C.
The study examined the ways in which different categories of discourse marker affect how well foreign college students understand university lectures, and specifically, the effects of macro markers (those indicating overall organization) and micro markers (functioning as fillers, indicating links between sentences). Four versions of an American history lecture were developed: a baseline version without special signals of discourse organization, a version with micro markers, one with macro markers, and one combining micro and macro markers. The four versions were assigned at random to different classes of pre-university and university groups of students of English as a second language. The students' comprehension was measured by three instruments: a cloze recall test, a multiple-choice test, and a true-false test. It was found that macro markers led to better recall of the text material than micro markers, in either the micro or the micro-macro version. It is suggested that more emphasis be placed on macro markers in second language classroom instruction and materials. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A