ERIC Number: ED259505
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Use of Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviors to Reduce Stereotyped Behavior of Autistic Students During Group Instruction.
Haring, Thomas G.; And Others
The effects of a procedure based on differential reinforcement of other behaviors (DRO) on stereotypic responses and task performance were tested with three autistic students (14-21 years old). The procedure was unique because the time interval employed between potential opportunities for reinforcement was the natural length of one instructional trial delivered to a peer. Thus, the procedure was designed to reduce the level of stereotypic respones during small group instruction. The results indicated that the procedure exerted functional control over the students' stereotypic responses. In addition, two of the students had significantly greater percentages of correct responses under DRO conditions. The results are discussed in terms of models for intervention within task contexts and the usefulness of the procedure under natural teaching conditions. (Author)
Thomas Haring, Department of Special Education, University of California-Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: San Francisco State Univ., CA.; Marin County Office of Education, San Rafael, CA.