ERIC Number: ED259504
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Peer Tutoring and Special Friend Experiences on Nonhandicapped Adolescents.
Haring, Thomas G.; And Others
The study examined attitude change among 27 nonhandicapped high school students toward 9 severely handicapped autistic peers following two types of direct contact programs, one of a tutorial nature and one of a noninstructional, friendship nature. Ss were randomly placed in one of three experimental groups: tutorial, friendship, or no-contact control. Pre- and posttests on an attitude survey, a 5 minute behavior probe measuring duration and type of interactions, and interviews with each participant were conducted. Findings revealed that contact resulted in a significant increase in amount and type of interaction with handicapped peers during noninstructional periods. Slight differences were found in willingness to interact as indicated by behavioral observations between special friends and peer tutors, but the differences were not significant. Overall, both the peer tutor and special friends program were successful, as evidenced from interview and observation data, in promoting more positive interactions. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: San Francisco State Univ., CA.; Marin County Office of Education, San Rafael, CA.
Note: In its: The Socialization Research Project. Final Report, Appendix C, August 1984 (EC 180 236).