ERIC Number: ED259430
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Private Schools and Black-White Segregation: Evidence from Two Big Cities.
Crain, Robert L.
The public controversy surrounding recent government proposals for supporting private schools through tuition tax credits has prompted an interest in studying the impact of private schooling on racial segregation in education. This report examines the degree of black-white segregation in the Catholic schools in the Chicago and Cleveland metropolitan areas with a view to finding out whether the Catholic schools do or do not promote racial segregation. Elementary schools were found to be highly segregated, but Catholic high schools were less segregated than the public high schools were when traditional nearest-school student assignments were used. The accounting model used in the Coleman, Hoffer, and Kilgore study of the issue was analyzed, and after an examination of both sides of the argument, it is tentatively concluded that the accounting model researchers were overly optimistic and that the data from the present study gives little reason to believe with them that the impact of the private schools is simply benign. At the same time there is insufficient data to support what may be the more likely conclusion: namely, that private schools further school segregation under certain conditions and encourage integration under others. (AA)
Descriptors: Black Education, Black Students, Catholic Schools, Classroom Desegregation, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Hispanic Americans, Neighborhood Schools, Private Schools, Racial Integration, School Districts, School Segregation, Tax Credits, Tuition, Urban Schools, White Students
Publication Sales, Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance, School of Education/CERAS Building, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Research on Educational Finance and Governance.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago); Ohio