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ERIC Number: ED259339
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Aug
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Category Accessibility and Recall Accuracy: The Impact of Exposure to Mass Media in Witness Recall Situations.
Tamborini, Ron; And Others
The R.S. Wyer and T.K. Srull model suggests that when humans process information and store it in memory they create construct categories that are somewhat like storage bins. According to this model, when information is placed in these bins, it is stored in the order that it is received or used, with the most recently processed information always placed near the top of the bin. Similarly, the E. T. Higgins and G. King model of information processing is predicated on the assumption that long-term memory consists of a series of construct structures. Each construct is thought of as an energy cell, where the energy potential of the cell is increased whenever it is activated or excited and slowly dissipates over time. The results of a study that attempted to apply these models to a witness recall situation offered little support for both models. Both the recency and the frequency manipulations implemented after the encoding of information appeared to influence the retrieval of information. Stronger support was found for the Wyer and Srull model than was found for Higgins and King model. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A