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ERIC Number: ED259294
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Psychological Models of the Development of Dialectical Thinking.
Irwin, Ron; Sheese, Ron
Somewhat as Piaget proposed the existence of formal operations acting on concrete operational structures, Basseches (1978) has proposed the existence of dialectical operations acting on formal operational structures. Basseches gives a qualitative account of dialectical operations via the enumeration of 24 schemata categorized into four groups: Motion-Oriented, Form-Oriented, Relationship-Oriented, and Meta-Formal. Other theories of cognitive development beyond the level of formal operations propose a structural model for some aspect of adult cognitive processing, assuming that there is a common underlying structure that organizes experience and/or overall personality functioning. Whether the structure consists of a way of organizing epistemological assumptions and expectancies (Perry, 1970), a way of structuring moral conflicts (Kohlberg, 1981), a way of orienting personality (Kegan, 1982; Loevinger, 1976), or a way of grouping systems of logico-mathematical cognitive transformations (Piaget, 1970), this assumption involves the prediction of an unseen regulative organization that determines behavioral output (Broughton, 1981). In contrast to these structural models, Pascual-Leone (1983) proposes a process-analytic model viewing ego growth in the context of a set of stages of adult cognitive development which, in turn, he bases in his theory of Constructive Operators. The relationship between Basseche's concept of dialectical operations and Pascual-Leone's concept is not entirely clear. Much additional work remains to be done simply to identify the general features of post-formal thinking. (NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A