ERIC Number: ED259293
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Male Categories: Are All Men "Masculine?"
England, Eileen M.; Hyland, Diane T.
Research on gender stereotypes has contrasted males with females, describing males by competency traits and females by traits which denote warmth or emotionality. However, it has become clear that these traits do not satisfactorily describe all members of either sex, since not all men possess only masculine characteristics and not all women exhibit only feminine characteristics. To determine if there are within-sex categories of males, 200 college students (100 male; 100 female) rated the traits and behaviors of three types of males: family man, businessman, and macho man. Subjects rated the items for how they described one particular kind of male or all males in general. Results indicated that, although subjects did systematically rate traits and behaviors as being characteristic of separate categories of males, a few characteristics were considered to be equally descriptive of all males. It seems that both males and females discriminate at least three distinct role categories among males. These findings, when compared with previous work on female categories, suggest a remarkable similarity between the female and male categories, and reveal parallel categories which cross sex lines. (KGB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Boston, MA, March 21-24, 1985).