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ERIC Number: ED259279
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Jun
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Counseling Mentally Retarded Couples.
Spragg, Paul A.; Miller, Cheryl
This paper presents an experimental group model developed for counseling mentally retarded couples. The selection of the group counseling format is explained, group composition and eligibility requirements are described, and initial assessment of individuals and couples is presented. Preliminary sessions, geared toward orienting the couple to the group, are discussed and the initial treatment stages, stressing personal awareness and communication as foundation for developing problem-solving skills later, are described. The use of structured games, activities, and role-reversals is suggested as useful in holding couples' attention and in helping them to express problems. Major problems cited by group members are addressed, including sharing work and responsibilities, structuring leisure time, controlling and expressing anger, and dealing with outsiders in the community. To address these problems a standard stage model of problem solving is presented, which involves identifying the issue, identifying alternative solutions, choosing an alternative, formalizing an action plan, and commiting to a course of action. Three levels of change occurring in couples as a result of the counseling process are explained and categorized as group-specific changes, situation-specific changes, and changes in the use of effective problem-solving strategies. Evidence that the couples themselves perceived the group as valuable is also presented. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A