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ERIC Number: ED259271
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Masculinity and Femininity in Early, Middle, and Late Adulthood Perceptions of Self and Peers.
Fischer, Shelley M.; And Others
Theorists have proposed very different patterns of adult age changes in masculine and feminine personality attributes; while some have predicted an increase in cross-sex typed individuals among older adults, others have predicted an increase in androgynous individuals. A study was conducted to further investigate adult age differences in levels of masculinity and femininity and to examine perceptions of masculinity and femininity in male and female peers. Male (N=50) and female (N=50) college students (aged 18-23 years), male (N=50) and female (N=50) middle-aged adults (aged 38-55 years), and male (N=50) and female (N=50) elderly adults (aged 60-97 years) completed three Personal Attributes Questionnaires: one for themselves, one rating a typical same-sex, same-age peer, and one rating a typical opposite-sex, same-age peer. The results indicated that the proportion of sex-typed and cross-sex typed individuals decreased across age groups, the proportion of undifferentiated individuals increased across age grops, and the proportion of androgynous individuals remained constant across groups. Other results showed that young and middle-aged subjects rated male peers as more masculine than feminine and female peers as more feminine than masculine. While older subjects also rated female peers as more feminine than masculine, they rated male peers as equally masculine and feminine. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Personal Attributes Questionnaire