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ERIC Number: ED259255
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Depression and Metacognitive Skill in Problem Solving.
Slife, Brent D.
The ability to stand back from oneself and reflect on one's behavior and thought processes has long been considered crucial to the therapy process. Many therapies explicitly require patients to monitor their behaviors and thoughts. This self-monitoring requires considerable metacognitive skill on the part of the patient. Some therapies for the treatment of depression rely on the patient's metacognitive skills, although there is no clear evidence that depressives possess such skills. Two studies were conducted which investigated the relationship among depression, two types of metacognitive skill, and cognitive skill. The first study experimentally manipulated depression in 40 college students with a Velten procedure to examine depression effects on three skills: the ability to estimate the solutions to math problems (cognitive skill); the ability to accurately predict one's ability to estimate the solutions (metacognitive knowledge about cognition); and the ability to accurately rate one's performance after estimating the solutions (metacognitive monitoring of cognitive performance). The second study measured these skills in 48 college students with severe, mild, or no depression. The results for both studies indicated that depressed subjects were less skillful than nondepressed subjects in both types of metacognitive abilities. These differences were found to be unrelated to response bias and not significantly correlated to cognitive skill. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A