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ERIC Number: ED259248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Group Memberships.
Cross, Michael; Moreland, Richard
A common sexual stereotype, supported by research evidence, is that women are more sociable than men. In studies using standardized measures of social interests, social values, needs for inclusion and acceptance, and the need for affiliation, women nearly always score higher than men. In studies comparing the social skills of women and men, women nearly always display better social skills than men. Finally, studies comparing the friendships of women and men suggest that women are more involved than men with other people. These studies involve dyadic relationships; little research has been performed on sex differences in group memberships. Entering college freshmen (N=1100) completed questionnaires on their memories about high school groups and their expectations about college groups. The results indicated that women belonged to more high school groups than men, belonged to larger groups, remained group members longer, enjoyed their group memberships more, and regarded groups as more important than did men. Women reported more positive memories than men about high school groups, even when the kinds of groups they belonged to during high school were taken into account. Similarly, women reported more positive expectations about college groups, even when the kinds of groups that they wanted to join during college were taken into account. These results suggest that sex differences in sociability were responsible for the more positive questionnaire responses of the women in this sample. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (57th, Chicago, IL, May 2-4, 1985).