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ERIC Number: ED259053
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender, Race, and Friendship Research.
Clark, M. L.
Studies that included either gender or race in assessing the nature of friendships for children and adolescents were reviewed. Findings indicate that a sex and race cleavage in friendships is evident from the preschool years and persists throughout adolescence. Girls have more reciprocated and intimate friendships than boys, especially during adolescence. Female friendships are oriented toward issues of loyalty and commitment whereas male friendships are dominated by achievement and status issues. Black and White children make more cross-race friendship choices in classrooms where they are in the minority; more same-race choices are made in racially balanced classrooms. Cross-race acceptance is more positive now than in the past, and Black and White students with similar backgrounds are more likely to get along than those who differ. Cooperative-learning teams can increase cross-race friendships in school settings. The contributions of women and minorities to the friendship literature have had a differential effect on its direction, with the former concerning themselves with both sex and race and the latter concentrating more on intergroup relations then close relationships. (Author/KH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A