ERIC Number: ED259040
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Parent Participation and the Achievement of Disadvantaged Students. ERIC/CUE Digest, No. 27.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.
Key research in the literature on the relationship between parent participation and achievement is discussed, participation being defined in terms of activities both within and outside of the school. The research resists generalization because of the range of potential parent activities and the uncertainty about what they convey, but yields the following points: (1) it is difficult to isolate the influence of parent participation on achievement from the effects of social class and race, but parent participation appears to be associated with the enhanced achievement of low income students; (2) parental decision making is not particularly related to achievement and parent-school contacts are only marginally effective; however, a wide range of activities and programs do appear to have some effect on the character of the school and achievement, especially if they are oriented to the community's needs; (3) programs fostering parent involvement in at-home teaching improve achievement, particularly for low-income elementary school children, but more elaborate parental programs and parent education are needed; (4) the effective schools movement has played down parent participation, in the belief that it will weaken the school's responsibility for educating all children; and (5) the recent shift from Federal to an increasing State responsibility for education, together with renewed interest in parental choice, may have increased the potential for parents to participate in determining education in their communities. (RDN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Community Involvement, Disadvantaged Youth, Early Childhood Education, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal State Relationship, Home Study, Low Income Groups, Minority Group Children, Parent Education, Parent Participation, Parent Role, Parent School Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Social Class, Socioeconomic Status
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.