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ERIC Number: ED258872
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Cross-Cultural Differences as Reflected in Stories Given by American and Chinese Children.
Domino, George
Two samples of 316 stories generated by 80 Chinese and 80 American children were content analyzed. The stories were generated using a method developed by Metraux, which asks children to complete stories. According to the study's hypotheses Chinese children were expected to: (1) show evidence of greater social orientation, as reflected by such aspects as a greater number of story characters, the presence of more social interactions, greater emphasis on teamwork and public shame, and fewer interpersonal confrontations; (2) indicate a greater concern with authority; (3) reflect a greater preoccupation with moral and ethical rectitude; (4) show a stronger belief in chance or luck and in the influence of natural forces on one's daily environment; (5) contain more affective elements and less rationality or cognitive aspects; (6) contain fewer instances of physical aggression; and (7) show less economic orientation. Results clearly supported all the hypotheses. These differences reflect cultural differences between the United States and China, which, in turn, are the result of many aspects of those cultures, from differences in child-rearing to differences in the socio-political climate. Also included are a four-page bibliography and tables showing the thematic differences between the stories generated by Chinese and American children. (IS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States