ERIC Number: ED258750
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Development, Poverty, and National Resources: Workshop Paper Series. Part II. Income Distribution, Poverty, Natural Resources, and Public Policies: Conceptual and Research Issues.
Castle, Emery N.; And Others
This workshop collection contains a paper which analyzes the actual and potential income and wealth sources of rural inhabitants, an appendix which discusses the effectiveness of current transfer payment programs in reaching the rural poor, and a reviewer's comments. The paper by Emery Castle and Mark Goldstein describes incomes of rural residents in terms of natural resource endowments, natural resource policies, and aggregate economic activity. Also discussed are necessary conditions for effective public policies, and research issues. Findings indicate that rural areas are inhabited mainly by nonfarmers and that the cost of living declines with the size of the community, that primary industries have provided a declining percentage of employment, that public policy results are mixed, and that the welfare of rural people is closely associated with aggregate economic activity. Goldstein's appendix indicates that many of the current transfer programs only account for the demographic differences between rural and urban poor excluding many rural residents and that any program reforms should account for those differences. Philip Raup's comments applaud the paper's breadth, but suggest a few areas which could be expanded upon, including the entry of rural America into the world market, the low rate of net social return from efforts at large-scale resource development, and others. (PM)
Descriptors: Demography, Economic Factors, Employment Patterns, Income, Industrialization, Natural Resources, Policy Formation, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Public Policy, Research Needs, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Nonfarm Residents, Rural Population, Rural Urban Differences, Trend Analysis, Urban to Rural Migration
National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC.