ERIC Number: ED258748
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Natural Resources and Rural Poverty: An Overview. Rural Development, Poverty, and Natural Resources Workshop Paper Series.
Elo, Irma T.; Beale, Calvin L.
Natural resource and poverty relationships are regionally specific and are associated with particular segments of the nation's population, but have no overall direct causal tie. Although employment in natural-resource-based industries in rural areas accounts for only 16% of all rural employment nationally, these industries continue to make important contributions to local economies in particular regions. While the economy in large parts of rural America is unaffected by natural-resource development and more dependent on general economic trends, in certain regions the viability of rural communities and their residents is greatly affected by natural-resource industry. Agricultural laborers, resource-linked Southern Appalachians, rural Blacks of the southern Coastal Plain, and Great Plains and Western Indians are highly poverty-prone nonmetropolitan populations. Programs and policies to address resource-related poverty can't be sweeping but must be tailored to individual settings. To improve incomes through natural resources requires not only development of the resources, but a successful combination of all of the other factors that make a resource economic: capital, labor, technology, management, and markets. (PM)
Descriptors: Agricultural Laborers, Agriculture, American Indians, Blacks, Differences, Economic Factors, Forestry, Mining, Natural Resources, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Regional Characteristics, Reservation American Indians, Rural Development, Rural Farm Residents, Rural Population, Urban to Rural Migration
National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, Resources for the Future, 1616 P Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 (free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC. National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy.