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ERIC Number: ED258695
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Children's Appraisals of Sex-Typed Behavior in Their Peers.
Zucker, Kenneth J.; And Others
Reported in this document are the results of three experiments investigating the potential influence of peers in gender-role socialization. Children were exposed to a series of vignettes providing information about target children who varied in their degree of masculinity and femininity. Drawn from third through sixth grades, participants included 71 boys and 90 girls in the first study, 102 boys and 137 girls in the second study. In these two experiments, subjects rated their interest in being friends with the target child, how happy they thought the child was, and their interest in emulating the child's behavior. In the first study, the target child was male; in the second, female. A total of 33 boys and 33 girls in kindergarten, first grade, and second grade participated in the third experiment, which incorporated an age-appropriate assessment technique involving nonverbal responses. On the whole, results for the first two experiments indicated that variations in sex-typed behavior influence friendship ratings by same-age peers, with boys' ratings being more profoundly affected than girls' ratings. Both studies also demonstrated that children are sensitive to degrees of "gender-role deviance." Surprisingly, friendship ratings made by boys in the third experiment differed notably from ratings made by boys in the first. (Implications of the findings are discussed.) (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A