ERIC Number: ED258647
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Vocationalizing Higher Education: The Causes of Enrollment and Completion in Two-Year Colleges, 1970-1980.
Grubb, W. Norton; Jaussaud, Danielle
An analysis is provided of patterns of community college enrollments between 1970 and 1980, with particular emphasis on variations among the states in enrollment and completion rates. Section I looks at recent trends in community colleges, focusing on enrollment, numbers of degrees conferred, vocational enrollments, curriculum changes, and the effects of economic and labor market conditions. Section II identifies possible causes of enrollment patterns, focusing on demand-related factors, such as direct costs, high-status employment opportunities, and access; supply-related factors, including tax capacity, educational attainment levels, and migration; and demographic factors. Section III analyzes the relationship between the demand- and supply-related variables and community college enrollments, section IV looks at the interaction of two- and four-year college enrollments, and section V examines the determinants of degrees conferred. Finally, section VI draws conclusions, including the following: (1) community college enrollments were only weakly related to labor market conditions; (2) prospective students were more sensitive to direct costs than to the earnings benefits of attending community colleges; (3) the state's overall tax effort and the educational level of the population influenced community college enrollments; (4) enrollment patterns tended to perpetuate themselves over time, regardless of other economic or political conditions; (5) completion rates tended to be less responsive to economic conditions than enrollment rates; (6) states with high levels of four-year college enrollments tended to have lower two-year college enrollments; and (6) several economic variables, such as the earnings differentials associated with higher education and the opportunity cost of attending community college, were more significant influences among women than among men. (AYC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas Univ., Austin. Research Inst.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A