ERIC Number: ED258552
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Pascal and High-School Students: A Study of Misconceptions. Technology Panel Study of Stanford and the Schools. Occasional Report #009.
Sleeman, D.; And Others
In an attempt to initiate a new approach to the teaching of Pascal, a study was conducted to ascertain the difficulties students encountered when they attempt to learn this computer language. Screening tests were given to 68 students in grades 11 and 12 who had just completed a semester course in Pascal. The purpose of the test was to detect possible difficulties in basic constructs such as reading and printing data, assignments, and the several control structures provided by Pascal. This test that showed over 50% of students had major difficulties with Pascal, and those problems are described, with notations as to whether the errors were frequent, or fairly frequent, or occasional. A group of 35 students were given a detailed clinical interview which is also described, and their explanations of why errors occurred are given as well. A discussion of the data includes a summary of the investigators' assessment of the students interviewed and profiles of typical students. Finally, a comparison is drawn between this and similar studies, and the report concludes with a plan for future investigations which will include: (1) a look at the difficulties high school students have with advanced concepts of Pascal and also with Logo; (2) an attempt to determine whether the errors noted in this study can be remediated; and (3) experimentation with different teaching/presentation strategies. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.