ERIC Number: ED258509
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Contingency Approach to the Management of Innovation in a Climate of Contraction.
Doyle, Ken J.; Seagren, Alan T.
The impact on an organization's capacity to respond inevitably to changing needs of the many variables affecting the organization is considered, along with a framework for developing innovations, especially in a time when colleges are facing a period of contraction. A contingency approach to the management of innovation focuses on the influence of situational variables in a particular organization. Using this approach, the emphasis shifts from a study of what happened following the implementation or attempted implementation of an innovation, to a proactive concern for the planning of the innovation from the point that a need for it was perceived. A systems model for the application of the contingency approach to manage innovation would involve four stages, requiring administrators to: develop/review performance criteria and identify performance gaps; identify potential innovations to overcome performance gaps and select preferred innovation; examine contingency relationships between system variables and selected innovation and develop the implementation strategy; and implement selected innovation and evaluate effects on organizational performance. In conclusion, the contingency approach to planning and managing organizational innovation takes into account the climate, the organizational characteristics, and the interrelationship between key variables and the organization's performance. (SW)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Administration, College Environment, College Planning, Educational Innovation, Evaluation Criteria, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Models, Organizational Climate, Organizational Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Retrenchment, Systems Approach
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A