ERIC Number: ED258486
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Attrition Rate of Beginning Freshmen at a Major Urban University. SAIR Conference Paper.
Brewton, Deborah L.; Hurst, Emily E.
Academic persistence at the University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB) was studied from fall 1979 through spring 1983. Attention was directed to the school's graduation rate and correlations between sex, race, major, grade point average (GPA) and persistence. Of the 1,043 students who were beginning freshmen in 1979, the study sample consisted of 92 students, of whom 73 percent were white and 27 percent were black. Eighty-three percent were permanent residents of the local county. As of fall 1983, 33 percent of the beginning freshmen were active at UAB, and after 5 years, 14 percent of the sample had graduated. A majority of students were enrolled full-time during the first 2 years, but in the last 3 years more of the sample were part-time. Students in a well-defined study program, such as engineering, tended to have higher GPAs and higher persistence rates, while whose who were unsure of their goals usually dropped out and had lower GPAs. Forty-eight percent of students with a GPA of 2.0-2.9 on a 4.0 scale had graduated or were persisting. In addition, financial aid seemed a prominent factor in persistence. Twenty-five percent of the students who had graduated or were enrolled in spring 1984 had taken time off for at least a term during the 5 years. Ways that the study could be enlarged are suggested. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Graduates, College Students, Dropout Research, Full Time Students, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Longitudinal Studies, Majors (Students), Part Time Students, Predictor Variables, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Student Financial Aid, Urban Universities
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A