ERIC Number: ED258291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Relationships among Sex, Attribution and Selection of a Communication Strategy by Students Following a Failure.
Edwards, Renee; Parker, Jim
A study was conducted to investigate the relationships among sex, attribution, and selection of communication strategy in an instructional setting. The attributions and communication strategies selected by students following failing performances were examined. In addition, two sex variables were investigated--the sex of the subject and the sex of the teacher. An instrument using a projective constructive technique was prepared to present each subject with a situation in which a target person experienced failure in an educational setting. Subjects made attributions concerning the cause of the failure and wrote a brief story about how the target person felt and acted in response to the situation. The instrument was administered to 301 subjects who were students in various communication courses. Sixty percent were females; 40 percent were males. Approximately half of each group received situations with female teachers, half with males. Analysis identified seven basic strategies proposed by students in response to a failing grade. Males were more likely to identify "work harder" and "determine the cause," while females were more likely to cite "see the professor." No effect for sex of teacher on attribution of responsibility was revealed, and communication strategy was apparently not affected by attribution. (Appendixes include the instrument given to the subjects.) (DF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Speech Communication Association (Winston-Salem, NC, April 11-14, 1985).