ERIC Number: ED258092
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-May
Reference Count: N/A
Individualistic vs. Competitive Participation: The Effect on Intrinsic Motivation.
Jones, Brent M.; And Others
Studies investigating intrinsic motivation and competition have supported the view that competition decreases intrinsic motivation. More recent studies suggest that the specific outcome of a competition (a win or a loss) differentially affects intrinsic motivation by highlighting the informational rather than the controlling aspect of the reward of winning. These studies showed that winning in a competitive situation increased intrinsic motivation relative to losing. To further understand the effects of competition on intrinsic motivation, a study was conducted which compared intrinsic motivation following competition with intrinsic motivation following an individualistic situation. Undergraduates (N=155) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: students who won in competition against a confederate in a puzzle-solving competition, those who lost in such competitions, and those who worked individually at solving the puzzles. All subjects were observed in a free-choice 8-minute interval after the experimenter and confederate had left the room. The measure of intrinsic motivation was the amount of time the subject played with the puzzle in a free-choice interval. The results indicated that competitive winners displayed more intrinsic motivation than did individualistic winners and winners in the individualistic situations displayed more intrinsic motivation than did competitive losers. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas Christian Univ., Fort Worth.
Authoring Institution: N/A