ERIC Number: ED258088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in Perceived Locus of Control during Basic Training.
Vickers, Ross R., Jr.; Conway, Terry L.
Basic Training (BT) is designed to prepare recruits for their new role as members of the military. The psychological effects of this experience can have important implications for recruits' later effectiveness in the military. Locus of control is one psychological construct which can be important for overall psychological and behavioral adaptation and which also might change as a result of BT experiences. To evaluate the effects of BT on locus of control perceptions, Levenson's Internal, Powerful Others, and Chance control scales were administered to 256 Marine recruits prior to and at the end of BT. The results revealed that following BT the Powerful Others score increased signficantly from 3.8 to 4.1 and the Internal Control score decreased significantly from 5.5 to 5.3. Chance control showed a consistent but nonsignificant decrease from 3.7 to about 3.5. The increase in Powerful Others score correlated with the recruits' perceptions of punishment and surveillance. The decrease in Internal Control score correlated with the recruits' perceptions of leadership and group support. These findings may improve understanding of locus of control issues and assist those involved in the design of BT programs. (Tables are included which list hypotheses tested and which define the social-environmental perceptions examined.) (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Naval Medical Research and Development Command, Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA.