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ERIC Number: ED258071
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Quantitative and Qualitative Aspect of Loneliness: An Individual Difference Perspective.
Forest, Mark J.
Researchers are divided as to whether loneliness is a result of diminished quantity or quality of social interaction. Although results have been produced which support each position, few studies have examined the relationship between the two. To qualify the relationship between the quantitative and qualitative aspects of loneliness by exploring the individual difference variables of self-consciousness and social anxiety, behavioral contact, and avoidance mechanisms, 109 undergraduates participated in a study. Subjects completed questionnaires which assessed loneliness, contact and avoidance mechanisms, self-consciousness, and social anxiety. A path analysis was performed on the data. The path coefficients from contact and avoidance mechanisms to loneliness showed that behaviors which minimized interpersonal contact were associated with high levels of loneliness, while behaviors which increased interpersonal contact were associated with lower levels of loneliness. When the individual difference variables of private self-consciousness and social anxiety were included in the model, it was revealed that persons high in self-consciousness used more avoidance mechanisms, yet did not experience loneliness, and socially anxious subjects used more contact seeking behaviors, yet did experience loneliness. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A