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ERIC Number: ED258069
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Evaluation: The Type A Pattern.
Steblay, Nancy Mehrkens
Although the behavioral element of the Type A pattern has been identified, the cognitive component of the complex is less well understood. To examine the relationships of self-focused attention, standards for performance, and performance evaluation to Type A behavior, 72 undergraduates were studied. Subjects were classified as Type A (N=36) or Type B (N=36) according to their scores on the student form of the Jenkins Activity Survey-Form T. Subjects completed a self-efficacy measure four times during a semester, and also completed the Self-Consciousness Scale, and the Frequency of Self-Reinforcement Attitudes Questionnaire. The results indicated that Type A students aspired to higher levels of academic performance, although actual performance was not different from Type B students. Type A students also demonstrated a greater concern with social appearance, a more intense internal focus, and a lower level of self-reinforcement compared to Type B subjects. A second sample of 32 Type A and 54 Type B undergraduates were administered the same measures, completing the self-efficacy measures twice in the same semester. The strong findings regarding self-efficacy in the first sample were not found in this second sample. The overall pattern of data suggest a self-critical Type A cognitive strategy which stresses high ideals, but fails to self-reinforce for performance below the ideal. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A