ERIC Number: ED258063
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Marriages over Half a Century: A Longitudinal Study.
Field, Dorothy; Weishaus, Sylvia
Until recently marriages that endured 20 years or more have been considered long-term. And only in recent years have marriages of 50 or more years duration been plentiful enough to be studied. The course of marital satisfaction across the years was traced in the 17 surviving couples of the Berkeley Older Generation Study, a group that has been interviewed in young adulthood (1929-30), in middle age (1945-47), in young-old age (1968-69), and in old-old age (1982-83). An analysis of the transition between young-old and old-old revealed that the later years showed the greatest adjustment and satisfaction for most couples. The results indicated that husbands and wives viewed their marriages differently, with husbands being more satisfied and optimistic in their reports. Personal characteristics were found to be more significant in the success of marriages than socioeconomic factors or availability of children. Although women professed a stronger need for friendships, for both sexes, those high in marital satisfaction tended to have fewer outside activities. Health was found to affect marital quality only in that illness in one partner was constructive to the relationship, increasing the bond between husband and wife. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Aging (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A