ERIC Number: ED258013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Youth Employment and Job Creation.
A policy that addresses youth unemployment with monetary expansion for similar fiscal policies is criticized as compounding the problem, and alternative solutions are offered. Accordingly, a brief look at youth labor market characteristics, pertinent labor market theory, and the present industrial distribution of employed youth is offered. A general overview of occupational trends follows, with a closer look at growth occupations that are relatively accessible to youth. It is the position of the paper that those jobs most likely to be created in greater numbers by monetary expansion or similar fiscal policies are not of the sort likely to increase future earnings or productivity, positively affect the equity problem, or foster educational efforts. Some job creation efforts that have been tried are discussed, including work experience, the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act, on-the-job training, tax incentives, local efforts and entrepreneurship, public works, and the military. Methods of and points for intervention are offered that are likely to stimulate job creation to alleviate the problem, including the targeting of in-school and out-of-school youth, creation of secondary jobs for in-school and primary jobs for out-of-school youth, and creation of incentives for the private sector. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Career Education, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Employment Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Development, Out of School Youth, Public Policy, Secondary Education, Unemployment, Youth Employment, Youth Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Inst. for Public Policy and Management.
Note: For related documents, see CE 041 676-679.