ERIC Number: ED258012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Federal Policy toward Youth Employment: An Historical and Political Analysis.
McIntire, James L.
The development of Federal policies affecting youth employment has gone through five critical periods during the 20th century. The period began with the failure of child labor reformers to obtain Federal intervention in youth labor markets. The New Deal greatly enhanced a reversal of the trend. Development of the Great Society programs provided an ongoing Federal commitment to improving the employability of disadvantaged youth. Comprehensive Federal youth employment programs initiated attempts to roll back earlier Federal efforts to intervene in the youth labor market. Currently, proposals are favoring greater involvement of the private sector in youth employment policy formulation. Each of the five major periods of Federal policy initiatives concerning youth employment policy has been characterized by excessive labor supply conditions. It is hypothesized that these periods of excessive labor supply have been significant factors in the creation and perpetuation of a political coalition that has successfully influenced Federal youth employment policy. Federal youth employment policy has had two major focuses: exclusion (limiting youth access to adult labor markets) and enclosure (keeping youth "busy" outside the adult labor market). The rationale is economic efficiency--keeping youth in school to protect adult jobs and increasing youth skills to improve productivity and career opportunities. (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Inst. for Public Policy and Management.
Note: For related documents, see CE 041 676-680.