ERIC Number: ED257698
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr-20
Reference Count: 0
Personality Correlates of Nuclear War Threat Perception.
Mayton, Daniel M., II
This study investigated the relationship between individual personality characteristics and the threat of nuclear war among 192 introductory psychology students at a small college in the Pacific Northwest. One measure of nuclear threat perception was spontaneous concern, which was assessed using five presentations each of the incomplete sentences, "I worry about. . ." and "One of my fears regarding the futures is . . .." Three more measures of threat perception were obtained from a modified world affairs questionnaire. The relationships between these perceptions and selected personality traits were consistent with many of the expectations held by psychologists regarding the impact of nuclear war. The perception of nuclear war as a higher probability event was associated with lower general self-esteem, lower evaluations of one's emotional stability, lower self-control, and a lowered sense of well-being. Spontaneous expression of concern about nuclear war was also related to lower general self-esteem. The roles of authoritarian personality and conservatism are also mentioned in terms of Lifton's (1980) discussion of denial and what he calls "nuclearism." (Author/IS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (San Jose, CA, April 20, 1985). For related documents, see ED 245 979-980 and SO 016 444-446.