ERIC Number: ED257670
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Informal and Formal Mathematical Thinking in Korean and American Children.
Song, Myung-Ja; Ginsburg, Herbert P.
This study investigated whether Koreans and Americans differ in proficiency in informal mathematics, if Korean children start off with an advantage in this area, and if their informal mathematics is different from that of Americans. The study also examined: possible cultural differences in the understanding of and performance in formal mathematics (which involves the understanding of written symbolism, algorithms, and mathematical principles, and constitutes the focus of primary mathematics instruction); when this difference (if any) appears; and whether Korean children show a particular advantage in the area of rote mathematics. Subjects were 315 Korean and 538 American boys and girls from each of five age levels ranging from 4.5- to 8.81-years-old. Two of the findings reported (obtained from test items administered during individual interviews specified in the Test of Early Mathematical Ability) are these: Korean children show superior performance in formal mathematics within the first few years of school and there was no head start for Korean children in early mathematical thinking. Factors which may explain these and other results and implications for mathematics instruction are addressed. (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A