ERIC Number: ED257615
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
The Utilization of Community Mental Health Services by the Hispanic Elderly.
Starrett,Richard A.; And Others
Multiple regression and path analyses of 29 demographic, social, and psychological variables were carried out to determine those variables that influenced the use of community-based mental health services by the Hispanic elderly. The variables were classified using the Andersen and Newman framework which conceptualizes the individual's demand for services as a function of complex relationships among predisposing, enabling, and need-for-care factors. Of the 29 independent variables considered in the model, the 3 significant direct predictors of mental health service use were, in order of magnitude: (1) number of mental health problems (i.e., depression, family problems, difficulty sleeping, and unexplainable fear); (2) church attendance; and (3) severity of physical illness. Findings indicated that those Hispanic elderly who have more psychological problems, who are in poor health, and who attend church regularly make greater use of community and mental health services that do those with other characteristics. By attending church, the elderly--especially Mexican American and female elderly--may have greater awareness of available resources and greater access to help. In addition, the female elderly may be in a greater risk group because they appear to have more mental health problems and illness. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Church Role, Cultural Influences, Demography, Environmental Influences, Ethnic Groups, Gerontology, Health Services, Hispanic Americans, Mental Health, Mental Health Programs, Mexican Americans, Models, Older Adults, Physical Health, Predictor Variables, Racial Factors, Sociocultural Patterns, Use Studies
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Gerontological Society (San Antonio, TX, November 1984). For related documents, see RC 015 298-301.