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ERIC Number: ED257614
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Mar
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Environmental Awareness and Support Networks of the Hispanic Elderly.
Starrett, Richard A.; And Others
Data obtained from interviews with 1,804 non-institutionalized Hispanic individuals age 55 and over were analyzed in an attempt to understand how formal and informal social support systems and awareness of available social services (environmental awareness) affect the ability of elderly Hispanics to remain independent within their communities. The study was a secondary analysis of data provided by the National Association of Hispanic Elderly and originally collected in 1979-80 using a national sample stratified by geographic region. Twenty-nine variables were selected from this data and classified according to the Andersen and Newman framework which conceptualizes the individual's demand for services as a function of relationships among predisposing, enabling, and need-for-care factors. Predisposing variables included gender, ethnicity, and religion, enabling variables included community characteristics and family structure; need-for-care variables were self-rated and interviewer-rated health status and perceived need for formal social services. Path analysis was used to determine relative importance and interrelationships of the 29 variables. Four variables jointly accounted for 33% of the variance in formal service use. These were environmental awareness and annual family income (enabling factors), perceived need for social services (need-for-care factor), and ethnicity (predisposing factor). Environmental awareness had the strongest direct effect on use (Beta=.45) and no indirect effects. A reference list and data tables are appended. (JHZ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A