ERIC Number: ED257590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Maternal Social Support Systems Moderating Levels of Mother/Child Stress and Home Stimulation.
Ryan, Kathleen; And Others
In 1981 and 1982, pre- and postnatal medical, financial, demographic, and maternal social support data were collected from 220 lower socioeconomic status (SES), "high risk" mothers and their newborn infants. An analysis of data on the oldest 100 children in the sample found that 14 families had been referred to a children's protective services board for investigation of abuse/neglect. Data in the present study were obtained from a new subsample of the youngest children and their mothers. Subjects were 38 mother/child pairs consisting of mothers between the ages of 15 and 42 years and children between the ages of 18 and 24 months. Measures administered by psychologists during in-home visits included the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Motor and Mental), the Maternal Social Support Index, the Inventory of Home Stimulation, the Parenting Stress Inventory, the Shipley Institute of Living Scale-Vocabulary Test, and a demographic questionnaire. Results revealed that the group of families characterized by high stress and low social support score particularly low on the home stimulation inventory. No predictor of mental or motor development, including home stimulation, was found. It is tentatively concluded that intervention should provide maternal social supports during the early childhood years. This may be especially helpful for lower SES families experiencing stress levels higher than the national average. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Ohio Psychological Association Spring Convention (April, 1985). For related document, see PS 015 219.