ERIC Number: ED257584
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Perceptions of Toddler Behavior: Gender and Ethnic Effects.
Rave, Elizabeth J.; Hannah, Gregory L.
A study was conducted (1) to investigate whether adult observers would label the same stimulus behavior in young children differently according to both their own gender and the gender of the children, and (2) to explore differential labeling by respondents' ethnicity. In addition, demographic variables for respondents (such as age, education level, and contact with children) were investigated. After viewing a 14-minute film of a white child and a black child playing spontaneously, 120 black and 120 white subjects were asked to evaluate toddler behaviors on a 12-item Likert-type scale of adjective pairs. Each toddler was presented as being either male or female in four different treatment conditions. Gender and ethnicity were combined into one variable having four levels: black females, black males, white females, and white males. A significant interaction between the toddlers and treatment condition was shown for the dependent variable "handsome-beautiful," thus demonstrating that the procedures and instrument were sensitive enough to pick up statistically significant differences in viewer perceptions. The remaining 11 variables were examined via MANOVA. Although no significant interactions occurred, a toddler effect was found to be significant. Because a significant group effect was evident, two additional three-factor repeated-measures MANOVAs were run. Both gender and ethnicity were found to be significant. The function of observer characteristics in labeling behavior was discussed. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A