ERIC Number: ED257581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Apr
Reference Count: 0
In Mother's Lap: The Effect of Microcomputers on Mother Teaching Behavior and Young Children's Classification Skills.
Shade, Daniel D.; Watson, J. Allen
A total of 41 preschool children, either 2 or 3 years of age, and their mothers were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: a microworld computer experience designed to teach the concept of inside/outside and an alphabet computer experience designed to drill ABC's. Videotapes of mother/child dyads were coded and scored using a revision of the Wood and Middleton (1975) Assisted Problem Solving Scale; interrater reliabilities were over .80. Children were administered a sorting task at the end of treatment. Data analysis revealed the following: microworld mothers relinquished control of software to children as competency developed; depending on the type of software, mothers used different intervention strategies; and age of child influenced intervention strategies. A 2 x 2 ANOVA yielded no significant main effects for group or age on the posttest. However, the age x group interaction approached significance with 3-year-olds in the microworld group correctly classifying more objects. A repeated-measures mixed model ANOVA revealed a highly significant within-group effect for age on number of correct object placements per day. The 3-year-olds in the microworld group were significantly more successful in classifying than were the 2-year-olds. Recommendations were made concerning successful child/computer interactions. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 25-28, 1985).